The 8 Stances of a Scrum Master


Just saw this article on and thought it aligned with what I was talking about in previous threads. I think this is a nice summary and worth checking out…

According to the Scrum Guide, the Scrum Master is responsible for ensuring Scrum is understood and enacted. Scrum Masters do this by ensuring that the Scrum Team adheres to Scrum theory, practices, and rules.

The Scrum Master is a servant‐leader for the Scrum Team. He (or she) helps those outside the team understand which of their interactions with the team are helpful and which aren’t. The Scrum Master helps everyone change these interactions to maximize the value created by the Scrum Team.

The role of a Scrum Master is one of many stances and diversity. A great Scrum Master is aware of them and knows when and how to apply them, depending on situation and context. Everything with the purpose of helping people understand the spirit of Scrum.

The Scrum Master Acts as a…
Servant Leader whose focus is on the needs of the team members and those they serve (the customer), with the goal of achieving results in line with the organization’s values, principles, and business objectives.

Facilitator by setting the stage and providing clear boundaries in which the team can collaborate.

Coach coaching the individual with a focus on mindset and behavior, the team in continuous improvement and the organization in truly collaborating with the Scrum Team.

Manager responsible for managing impediments, eliminating waste, managing the process, managing the team’s health, managing the boundaries of self‐organization, and managing the culture.

Mentor that transfers agile knowledge and experience to the team.
Teacher to ensure Scrum and other relevant methods are understood and enacted
Impediment Remover solving blocking issues to the team’s progress, taking into account the self‐organizing capabilities of the Development Team.

Change Agent to enable a culture in which Scrum Teams can flourish.

The white paper “The 8 Stances of a Scrum Master” contains my personal experiences acting as a Scrum Master. Besides these experiences, I’ve added my most important findings while researching the 8 different stances studying books, articles and videos.


I notice they put coach in there… :wink:


If expanding the granularity helps some with their understanding, that’s wonderful! Personally, there is too much overlap in “eight stances.”

A matter of semantics, but I see only three that are both necessary and unique:
Coach, mentor, and servant leader. The meaning in those three words is quite clear for me.

(Side note and more semantics: I make no association with “manager” in this context, even with the included description. The idea of “managing” anything never comes to mind.)


I liked where it said “Manager responsible for…eliminating waste…” :grin: